Most major research funders now have a requirement for outputs to be made open access (OA). In addition, publications that wish to be eligible for the next REF funding exercise also need to be made open access.
The challenge for institutions is to meet and demonstrate compliance with the range of different requirements from funders, a situation detailed in this case study.
Institutions must also ensure that the publishers’ requirements are met, which may sometimes conflict with the requirements of funders.
What you can do
Find out more about policies
SHERPA Juliet lists policies for more than a hundred and fifty funders from 22 countries, while SHERPA Romeo lists publishers’ policies on what OA options are available to their authors, and under what terms. Our guide to creative commons explains the various licenses available.
Comply with your funder’s policy
You can find out whether a specific journal complies with a funder’s OA policy, and what action needs to be taken, by using Sherpa FACT (Funders and Authors Compliance Tool). You can also embed the guidance into your own web pages.
Our beta web service SHERPA REF allows you to quickly, accurately and easily check whether a journal you wish to publish in complies with open access (OA) policy for the Research Excellence Framework (REF).
For support with meeting the OA requirements of H2020-funded research, contact the National Open Access Helpdesk.
Streamline workflows and processes
Implementing and reporting on policy compliance effectively requires an institution-wide approach. You may wish to baseline your current position on open access in order to identify areas to improve, streamline workflows through process mapping or implement a responsibility matrix.
Systems can also be adapted to help report on compliance. To help ensure your systems are equipped with the required fields, you can implement the RIOXX metadata profile using the Jisc plug-ins or by the add-ins provided by your system vendor.
Develop and promote an institutional policy
An institutional open access policy can give clear guidance on purpose and procedure for your staff. You can browse existing institutional policies on ROARmap.
Consider using the new open access policy schema when developing your policy. This aims to encourage policy makers worldwide to express their policies in a consistent way, in order to make compliance easier.
Provide guidance to staff
Whatever processes and systems you use to ensure compliance, it is vital to ensure appropriate support for staff involved in different stages of the process. Pathfinder projects from our OA good practice work have produced a range of advocacy resources which you can use.
We're involved in a range of activities which aim to make compliance easier in future, including involvement with the PASTEUR4OA project to standardise open access policies across Europe.
We have published a list of things that universities and Jisc would like journal publishers to do to help them comply with funder OA policies. We will update the document with progress as part of our ongoing discussions with publishers.
We’re working on a service (Publications Router) which can pass metadata and/or full text papers from journals (and other sources) to institutional systems such as repositories. Its current priority is to do this within three months of acceptance, to help universities comply with the REF OA policy.
We’re also working to produce a service (Jisc Monitor) which will help institutions report on open access compliance.
We work with user groups for common repository and research information systems to ensure our services can be taken up easily.